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Paris my Love

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Sacré-Coeur, Paris - 巴黎圣心,  

2013-09-12 22:31:44|  分类: Monuments 古迹 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Sacré-C?ur, Paris - 巴黎圣心, - ParismyLove - Paris my Love

Sacré-C?ur, Paris - 巴黎圣心, - ParismyLove - Paris my Love

 Sacré-C?ur, Paris - 巴黎圣心, - ParismyLove - Paris my Love

Sacré-C?ur, Paris - 巴黎圣心, - ParismyLove - Paris my Love

Sacré-C?ur, Paris - 巴黎圣心, - ParismyLove - Paris my Love
 
Sacré-C?ur, Paris - 巴黎圣心, - ParismyLove - Paris my Love
 
Sacré-C?ur, Paris - 巴黎圣心, - ParismyLove - Paris my Love
 

 

 
Sacré-C?ur, Paris - 巴黎圣心, - ParismyLove - Paris my Love

The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris, commonly known as Sacré-C?ur Basilica (French: Basilique du Sacré-C?ur, pronounced [sak?e k??]), is a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica, dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, in Paris, France. A popular landmark, the basilica is located at the summit of the butte Montmartre, the highest point in the city. Sacré-C?ur is a double monument, political and cultural, both a national penance for the excesses of the Second Empire and socialist Paris Commune of 1871 crowning its most rebellious neighborhood, and an embodiment of conservative moral order, publicly dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, which was an increasingly popular vision of a loving and sympathetic Christ.
The Sacré-C?ur Basilica was designed by Paul Abadie. Construction began in 1875 and was finished in 1914. It was consecrated after the end of World War I in 1919.
The inspiration for Sacré C?ur's design originated on September 4, 1870, the day of the proclamation of the Third Republic, with a speech by Bishop Fournier attributing the defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 to a divine punishment after "a century of moral decline" since the French Revolution, in the wake of the division in French society that arose in the decades following that revolution, between devout Catholics and legitimist royalists on one side, and democrats, secularists, socialists and radicals on the other. This schism became particularly pronounced after the Franco-Prussian War and the ensuing uprising of the Paris Commune of 1870-71. Though today the Basilica is asserted to be dedicated in honor of the 58,000 who lost their lives during the war, the decree of the Assemblée nationale, 24 July 1873, responding to a request by the archbishop of Paris by voting its construction, specifies that it is to "expiate the crimes of the Commune". Montmartre had been the site of the Commune's first insurrection, and many dedicated communards were forever entombed in the subterranean galleries of former gypsum mines where they had retreated, by explosives detonated at the entrances by the Army of Versailles. Hostages had been executed on both sides, and the Communards had executed Georges Darboy, Archbishop of Paris, who became a martyr for the resurgent Catholic Church. His successor Guibert, climbing the Butte Montmartre in October 1872, was reported to have had a vision, as clouds dispersed over the panorama: "It is here, it is here where the martyrs are, it is here that the Sacred Heart must reign so that it can beckon all to come".
In the moment of inertia following the resignation of the government of Adolphe Thiers, 24 May 1873, Fran?ois Pie, bishop of Poitiers, expressed the national yearning for spiritual renewal— "the hour of the Church has come"— that would be expressed through the "Government of Moral Order" of the Third Republic, which linked Catholic institutions with secular ones, in "a project of religious and national renewal, the main features of which were the restoration of monarchy and the defense of Rome within a cultural framework of official piety", of which Sacré-C?ur is the chief lasting triumphalist monument.
The decree voting its construction as a "matter of public utility", 24 July, followed close on Thiers' resignation. The project was expressed by the Church as a National Vow (Voeu national) and financial support came from parishes throughout France. The dedicatory inscription records the Basilica as the accomplishment of a vow by Alexandre Legentil and Hubert Rohault de Fleury, ratified by Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, Archbishop of Paris. The project took many years to complete.

巴黎圣心教堂,俗称圣心大教堂,是一个罗马天主教教堂和小教堂,献给耶稣圣心,法国巴黎。一种流行的标志性建筑,位于大殿在蒙马特尔高地之巅,在城市的最高点。圣心大教堂是双纪念碑,政治和文化,既是全国第二帝国和社会主义1871年的巴黎公社的暴行忏悔[1]加冕最叛逆的附近,和保守的道德秩序的一个实施例,公开,致力于圣心耶稣,这是一个充满爱心和同情的基督一个日益流行的愿景。 
圣心教堂的设计是由保罗·阿巴迪。于1875年开始建设,并于1914年完成。它是在1919年第一次世界大战结束后奉献。
圣心大教堂的设计的灵感源于年9月4 , 1870年,宣布第三共和国当天,归因于法国的失败在1870年的普法战争中一个神圣的惩罚“一个世纪后,富尼耶主教一个讲话道德滑坡“的法国大革命以来,在法国社会出现分裂,革命后的几十年中,虔诚的天主教徒和正统保皇党之间的一侧之后,和民主派,世俗主义者,社会主义者和自由基对其他。这种分裂的普法战争和随之而来的1870年至1871年的巴黎公社起义后变得尤为突出。虽然今天大殿置]专用荣誉58,000谁失去了他们的生命,在战争期间,国民议会, 1873年7月24日的法令,响应请求由巴黎大主教其建设投票,指定,是来“赎罪的公社的罪行” 。蒙马特已经被公社的第一暴动现场,和许多专用的巴黎公社被永远埋葬在地下画廊前石膏矿山那里他们有撤退,凡尔赛军队在入口处引爆炸药。人质已执行的两侧,和巴黎公社执行巴黎大主教乔治Darboy ,谁成为烈士死灰复燃天主教教会。他的继任者吉伯特,攀登巴特蒙马特, 1872年十月,据报道,有一个梦想,云层消散在全景: “正是在这里,它是在这里的烈士, 在这里,圣心必须统治,以便它可以召唤所有的人“ 。
在当下的惯性阿道夫·梯也尔, 1873年5月24日,弗朗索瓦馅饼,普瓦捷的主教,政府辞职后表示国家向往的精神重建“的教会小时来了” - ,将通过“政府道德秩序的”第三共和国,与世俗的天主教机构联系, “宗教和国家重建项目,其主要特点是恢复君主制和罗马的防御在文化表达官方虔诚的框架“ ,圣心大教堂的首席持久的胜利冲昏头脑[10]碑。
该法令建设作为“一件公用事业” 7月24日投票, [11]紧跟梯也尔的辞职。该项目是由教会表示,作为一个国家誓言( Voeu国家)和财政支持,来自法国各地的教区。奉献碑文记载了大殿作为许愿由Alexandre Legentil的和休伯特·弗勒里,罗奥,巴黎大主教约瑟夫 - 伊波利特吉伯特批准完成。该项目历时多年才能完成。
 
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